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It should be noted that any VLAN created on a switch is in an inactive state until VTP is configured.A collection of switches that are under the same administrative control and will support the same range of configured VLANs are said to be in the same .In an earlier lesson I explained the basics of VTP (version 1 and 2).The main goal of VTP version 3 remains to synchronize VLANs but it has a number for extras.VTP version 1 and version 2 support VLANs 1 to 1000 only.Extended-range VLANs are supported only in VTP version 3.Let’s see if we are able to synchronize some VLANs.We’ll start with something simple: No problem at all! VTP version 3 is able to synchronize private VLAN information.
Let’s create a private VLAN: SW1(config)#vlan 501 SW1(config-vlan)#private-vlan community SW1(config)#vlan 502 SW1(config-vlan)#private-vlan isolated SW1(config)#vlan 500 SW1(config-vlan)#private-vlan primary SW1(config-vlan)#private-vlan association add 501 SW1(config-vlan)#private-vlan association add 502 No problem, it has been synchronized to all switches. In the past you had to configure each switch seperately. Take a look below: SW1#show vtp status VTP Version capable : 1 to 3 VTP version running : 3 VTP Domain Name : NWL VTP Pruning Mode : Disabled VTP Traps Generation : Disabled Device ID : 0019.569d.5700 Feature VLAN: -------------- VTP Operating Mode : Primary Server Number of existing VLANs : 12 Number of existing extended VLANs : 1 Configuration Revision : 7 Primary ID : 0019.569d.5700 Primary Description : SW1 MD5 digest : 0x C9 0x25 0x B3 0x86 0x E7 0x A1 0x E3 0x AE 0x F8 0x2F 0x B9 0x7F 0x64 0x B3 0x43 0x5F The default “VLAN” feature is used for the things we did before…VLANs, extended range VLANs, private VLANs and RSPAN.
The information learned by the client switch is not stored in NVRAM.
If the client switch is rebooted, the switch must dynamically learn all the VLAN information again from a VTP server.
Associate all ports of the new switch to a VLAN that is not VLAN 1. Configure all ports on the new switch to access mode.
Change the switch that has connected hosts in the new VLAN to be in VTP server mode.
In Figure 4-4, two VLANs extend over multiple switches using trunking.